After the rapid development of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", China has become a world leader in the production, production, and export of plastic products.
Since entering the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” in 2016, accelerating the transformation and upgrading of the plastics processing industry, improving the independent innovation capability of the plastics processing industry and the popularization of new materials, new technologies, new equipment and new products have become the most important tasks for the plastics industry in China. .
2017 is an important period for China's plastics processing industry to become stronger and stronger. Plastic processing industry to promote the supply-side structural reform as the main line, to improve the quality and efficiency of the development of the industry as the center, adhere to innovation-driven, help kinetic energy conversion, and achieved fruitful results.
The year 2018 is the first year for the full implementation of the spirit of the 19th National Congress. China's plastics processing industry has entered a new phase of development that is more dependent on technological progress. Global innovation patterns and industrial changes will further accelerate. The global manufacturing industry has entered a period of smart transition, pushing the development of the plastics processing industry. The plastics processing industry presents functional, lightweight, ecological and micro-molding trends.
How to interpret these achievements and prospects? The chairman of the China Plastics Processing Industry Association, Mr. Zhu Wenzhen, accepted an exclusive interview with this newspaper.
Stable and better
In 2017, the plastics processing industry focused on advancing supply-side structural reforms, centered on improving the quality and benefits of the industry's development, and persisting in innovation-driven innovations to facilitate kinetic energy conversion and achieve fruitful results.
Zhu Wenxuan said that the nation's plastics processing industry has actively adjusted its structure and methods, achieved stability and progress, maintained steady progress, improved structural adjustment, and continuously improved foreign trade. These results are embodied in those aspects? Zhu Wentao introduced the data one by one with detailed data—
Speed benefits are increased simultaneously. In 2017, the total statistics of the plastics industry in the country totaled 75.1554 million tons of output, an increase of 3.44% year-on-year, and the growth rate was 0.78 percentage points higher than the same period of the previous year; 15350 enterprises above designated size had completed the main business income of 2,280.836 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase. 6.74%, the growth rate increased by 0.63 percentage points over the same period of last year; the main business income accounted for 9.41% of the light industry, accounting for 1.96% of the national industry. The accumulated total profit was 135.468 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.81%, and the growth rate was 2.51 percentage points lower than the same period of last year. The total profit was 8.52% of the light industry and 1.8% of the national industry.
The structure layout is more reasonable. In 2017, the output of plastic products in 10 eastern provinces and municipalities was 4,181.05 million tons (accounting for 55.63%), which was a year-on-year increase of 2.61%. The plastic products industry in the eastern region grew steadily. The output of Shandong Province and Fujian Province increased significantly, with year-on-year growth rates of 10.02% and 7.36%, respectively. Although the growth rate of production in Guangdong Province was -1.22%, both the main business income and total profit increased significantly and entered the stage of winning with quality. The production volume of plastic products in six central provinces was 1,806.56 million tons (accounting for 24.04%), with a year-on-year growth rate of 5.05%, of which Jiangxi, Anhui, and Henan provinces had higher output growth rates, which were 16.78%, 11.21%, and 7.18%, respectively. The output of plastic products in the 12 provinces and regions in the west was 13,389,400 tons (accounting for 17.81%), an increase of 8.44% over the same period of last year. The growth rate of output in the central and western regions is higher than the national average and is in a period of rapid growth.
Market space continues to expand. In 2017, China's foreign trade stability has been continuously consolidated and the potential for development is gradually being released, which will promote the continued growth of imports and exports of China's plastic products industry. The total export value of the national plastic products industry was US$62.729 billion, an increase of 8.62% year-on-year, accounting for 10.46% of the export value of the light industry; the import value was US$18.576 billion, a year-on-year increase of 7.22%, accounting for 11.42% of the import value of the light industry; total imports and exports The value of 81.305 billion US dollars, a trade surplus of 44.153 billion US dollars. Driven by favorable policies, advantageous enterprises have "goed out" and set up factories in foreign countries, especially in the "Belt and Road" countries, to develop new markets. Companies such as Blonde Technology Co., Ltd., Guangdong Liansu Technology Co., Ltd. have come to India and other countries. Set up factories.
Enterprise integration accelerates. With the deepening of environmental protection improvement, raw material price increases and labor costs, etc., some small and micro enterprises that cannot occupy the market with product innovation and quality improvement are once again facing the predicament of being “shuffled out”, while large and medium-sized enterprises In the predicament, we have the courage to innovate, and the development momentum is good. The stronger the stronger, the weaker the weaker, the transformation of the industry and the acceleration of enterprise integration.
Resolve difficulties and achieve breakthroughs
In 2017, facing the profound changes in the innovation and development of the global plastics industry, the plastics processing industry, while achieving remarkable results, also encountered many major difficulties and severe challenges: a sharp increase in raw material prices, the most stringent environmental protection improvement, and an ban on waste. Zhu Wenxuan said that the plastics industry in the country is advancing with difficulties and making progress. It will also step up measures such as independent innovation and speeding up industrial upgrading to cope with development pressures, and achieve development and breakthroughs in difficulties and challenges.
“The rising cost has led companies to pay more attention to technological advancement and technological innovation.” Zhu Wenxuan said: “As a result of the domestic environmental protection improvement and the promotion of supply-side reforms, we eliminated a lot of low-end production capacity, and reduced scrap supply due to the prohibition of entry of foreign garbage, plus transportation. Due to rising prices and other reasons, in 2017, plastic raw material prices generally rose sharply, and product prices did not rise correspondingly, which brought severe challenges to production.In the face of this pressure, enterprises pay more attention to technological advancement and technological innovation, and constantly improve their own technology. Level of development: On the one hand, through technological advancement, technological innovation and other means, actively develop new products, increase product added value, and improve profitability; on the other hand, strengthen technological transformation, improve automation, increase production efficiency, reduce costs, and through management Innovation, reduce the company's internal operating costs, offset the losses caused by raw material price fluctuations."
And environmental governance makes companies pay more attention to cleaner production. According to Zhu Wenyu, since 2017, with the rise of environmental protection to the national strategic level, the environmental governance of the national governance of air pollution has been continuously strengthened, and environmental monitoring by the central and local governments has become more frequent. Some companies have failed to meet the standards due to emissions. The company has been shut down, restricted production, and rectified. For better survival and development, the plastic products industry has gradually become standardized, environmental awareness has been enhanced, and cleaner production has been emphasized. Green products are more concerned and the pace of product transformation and upgrading has been accelerated.
Overcapacity forced the transformation and upgrading of products. Zhu Wenxuan said that the problem of overcapacity of low-end products is still serious. There are many generic products in the market, with medium and low-end products accounting for the vast majority, and relatively few high-tech and high-value-added products. The price war in competition has reduced the profit space, and has also caused low-quality, low-quality products to disrupt the market order. Some companies in the industry actively promote automated transformation and improve the technology and quality of products. For example, the modified plastics industry shifts from pursuing the expansion of production scale to seeking refinement and seeking strength; from making similar products to directional processing and personalized production. BOPET, BOPP, cast film and other industries actively replace imported products, expand new product application areas, increase the application of high-end products, make differentiated products, personalized products and special products, with remarkable results, the industry began to recover.
Policies guide efforts to promote the development of related industries. “The State has banned the entry of foreign garbage and promoted the reform of the solid waste import management system. New reforms such as the reform of the management system for the import of solid wastes, and the gradual transition of enterprises in the plastic recycling industry to recycle domestic waste plastics or set up factories abroad. With the rapid development of the e-commerce industry, the logistics and express delivery industry has emerged. A large number of 'white rubbish', the state requires express packaging bags using biodegradable plastics, a series of environmentally friendly materials that can be fully degraded under natural conditions such as PHA bio-based biodegradable plastics, etc., will usher in a good opportunity for development.” Zhu Wen Say it.
Adhere to innovation Green development
2018 is the first year to fully implement the spirit of the 19 th CPC National Congress. Zhu Wenzhao told reporters that China's plastics processing industry has entered a new stage of development that is more dependent on technological advancement, the global innovation pattern and industrial transformation will further accelerate, the global manufacturing industry will enter the intelligent transition period, the plastics processing industry will be forced to develop, and the plastics processing industry will be functionalized. Lightweight, ecological and micro-mold development trends. In 2018 and in the future, the plastics processing industry should be based on the “13th Five-Year Plan for Development of Plastics Processing Industry”, the “13th Five-Year Plan for Development of Plastics Processing Industry” and the “Made in China 2025”. Develop multi-functional, high-performance materials and additives, and strive to achieve new breakthroughs in material functionalization, greenization, and environmental friendliness; Accelerate the development and application of green, energy-saving, and high-efficiency new processing and molding processes and technologies; Accelerate plastic molding equipment The research and development; closely around the high-end, speed up the proportion of high-end products.
It is understood that in order to lead the development of the industry and condense the strength of the industry, China Plastics Processing Industry Association launched a two-year China Plastics Processing Technology Innovation Year (2017-2018) event. In 2018, it will focus on the implementation of the “13th Five-Year Plan for Development of Plastics Processing Industry” and the “13th Five-Year Plan for Development of Plastics Processing Industry” to promote quality, increase variety, and create brands. We will continue to organize expert academicians and industry chain summit forums. We will hold the plastics processing industry science and technology conference and the third China International Plastics Exhibition in Nanjing in October 2018 to explore innovations in the science and technology system and promote The structural reforms on the supply side have accelerated the industry's advancement towards high-end and high-end industries and promoted the stable development of the plastics industry.